Originally published at: https://bigideas.network/higgs-field/
Mass is one of the most important concepts in science, but a full explanation of where it comes from has eluded physicists for decades.
They recently worked it out. To find the answer, they needed to look into the world of quantum mechanics.
Quantum mechanics found that within protons and neutrons, there is a whole new series of particles like quarks, gluons, and bosons. They fit together in a framework called The Standard Model.
Gluons are part of this model, and they make other particles (like quarks) stick together. Their energetic movement create most of an object’s mass. But even when you account for the action of gluons, there is still a remainder of mass that is not accounted for, and this was the mystery that baffled scientists for decades…